Transcriptional regulation of the human CYP3A4 gene by the constitutive androstane receptor.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Storr Liver Unit, University of Sydney, Westmead Millennium Institute, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia.
Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4), the predominant P450 expressed in adult human liver, is both constitutively expressed and transcriptionally activated by a variety of structurally diverse xenochemicals. In this study, we examined the role of the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), a member of the steroid/retinoid/thyroid hormone receptor superfamily, in the transcriptional regulation of CYP3A4. Herein, we demonstrate that CAR is capable of trans-activating expression of the CYP3A4 gene, both in vitro and in vivo. Induction of CYP3A4 is dependent on cooperativity between elements within the promoter proximal region of the gene and the distal xenobiotic-responsive enhancer module. CAR responsiveness was shown to be primarily mediated by two high-affinity binding motifs located within the CYP3A4 gene 5'-flanking region, approximately 7720 and 150 bases upstream of the transcription initiation site. Importantly, the human CAR response elements also mediate trans-activation of CYP3A4 by the human pregnane X receptor, suggesting that interplay between these receptors is likely to be an important determinant of CYP3A4 expression.
Mesh Terms:
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A, Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System, Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic, Humans, Mixed Function Oxygenases, RNA, Messenger, Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic, Tumor Cells, Cultured
Mol. Pharmacol. Aug. 01, 2002; 62(2);359-65 [PUBMED:12130689]
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