Differential regulation of DNA repair protein Rad51 in human tumour cell lines exposed to doxorubicin.

Institute of Molecular BioSciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
Radiotherapy and chemotherapy often induce DNA double-strand breaks in both normal and malignant cells. The proteins involved in the repair of such lesions are central to cancer prognosis and treatment, as they can be overexpressed in many cancers, accelerating malignant transformation and increasing repair capacity, potentially leading to cellular resistance. If malignant cells can be selectively targeted repair proteins could also be candidates for targeted therapy. In this study, two keyplayers in eukaryotic DNA double-strand break repair, Rad51 and DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit, were analysed in noncancerous human breast cells (MCF12A) and the breast cancer cell lines (MDA MB 231 and MCF7) in response to treatment with doxorubicin. A cell cycle-independent increase in Rad51 protein levels (a recombinase involved in homologous recombination repair) was observed 24 and 48 h after treatment in MDA MB 231 and MCF12A when exposed to low levels of doxorubicin, whereas MCF7 cells displayed a continuous decrease in Rad51 protein with increasing drug concentration. DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit, which is involved in nonhomologous end joining of DNA lesions, remained unaltered under all conditions tested. Topoisomerase II-alpha protein, the primary target of doxorubicin, was upregulated at low concentrations of doxorubicin in all cell lines tested. Here we show that Rad51 protein levels can be differentially regulated in normal and malignant breast cell lines in response to doxorubicin, independent of cell cycle state. These observations have direct relevance to chemosensitivity and add an additional prognostic factor that could be taken into account when designing targeted therapeutic regimes.
Mesh Terms:
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic, Blotting, Western, Breast Neoplasms, Cell Cycle, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Survival, DNA Damage, DNA Repair, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Doxorubicin, Female, Flow Cytometry, Genes, p53, Humans, Rad51 Recombinase, Receptors, Estrogen, Transforming Growth Factor beta
Anticancer Drugs Apr. 01, 2007; 18(4);419-25 [PUBMED:17351394]
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