Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) differentially regulates beta-catenin phosphorylation and ubiquitination in colon cancer cells.

Sealy Center for Cancer Cell Biology and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA.
Most colorectal cancers have mutations of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene or the beta-catenin gene that stabilize beta-catenin and activate beta-catenin target genes, leading ultimately to cancer. The molecular mechanisms of APC function in beta-catenin degradation are not completely known. APC binds beta-catenin and is involved in the Axin complex, suggesting that APC regulates beta-catenin phosphorylation. Some evidence also suggests that APC regulates beta-catenin nuclear export. Here, we examine the effects of APC mutations on beta-catenin phosphorylation, ubiquitination, and degradation in the colon cancer cell lines SW480, DLD-1, and HT29, each of which contains a different APC truncation. Although the current models suggest that beta-catenin phosphorylation should be inhibited by APC mutations, we detected significant beta-catenin phosphorylation in these cells. However, beta-catenin ubiquitination and degradation were inhibited in SW480 but not in DLD-1 and HT29 cells. The ubiquitination ofbeta-catenin in SW480 cells can be rescued by exogenous expression of APC. The APC domains required for beta-catenin ubiquitination were analyzed. Our results suggest that APC regulates beta-catenin phosphorylation and ubiquitination by distinct domains and by separate molecular mechanisms.
Mesh Terms:
Adenomatous Polyposis Coli, Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Protein, Colonic Neoplasms, Dinucleotide Repeats, HT29 Cells, Humans, Mutation, Phosphorylation, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Ubiquitin, beta Catenin
J. Biol. Chem. Jun. 30, 2006; 281(26);17751-7 [PUBMED:16798748]
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