Overexpression of ADAM9 enhances growth factor-mediated recycling of E-cadherin in human colon cancer cell line HT29 cells.

Growth factor-mediated stimulation of epithelial cells induces the disassembly of E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion. We found that overexpression of a disintegrin and metalloprotease 9 (ADAM9) enhanced growth factor-mediated induction of endocytosis and dynamic recycling of E-cadherin in HT29 human colon cancer cells. In addition, ubiquitination and degradation of E-cadherin were reduced ...
in these cells. ADAM9 constitutively interacted with E-cadherin, and the two proteins co-localized at the plasma membrane of HT29 cells. Administration of a metalloprotease inhibitor or overexpression of an ADAM9 mutant lacking metalloprotease activity attenuated growth factor-dependent endocytosis and recycling of E-cadherin as well as scattering of HT29 cells. These results suggest that the metalloprotease activity of ADAM9 mediates growth factor-induced endocytosis and dynamic recycling of E-cadherin and prevents E-cadherin degradation.
Mesh Terms:
ADAM Proteins, Cadherins, Colonic Neoplasms, Endocytosis, Epidermal Growth Factor, HT29 Cells, Humans, Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins, Membrane Proteins, Metalloproteases, Mutation, Ubiquitin, Up-Regulation
Exp. Cell Res.
Date: Feb. 01, 2006
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