MYB75 functions in regulation of secondary cell wall formation in the Arabidopsis inflorescence stem.

1 University of British Columbia;
Deposition of lignified secondary cell walls in plants involves a major commitment of carbon skeletons in both the form of polysaccharides and phenylpropanoid constituents. This process is spatially and temporally regulated by transcription factors, including a number of MYB family transcription factors. MYB75, also called PAP1 (PRODUCTION OF ANTHOCYANIN PIGMENT1), is a known regulator of the anthocyanin branch of the phenylpropanoid pathway in Arabidopsis, but how this regulation might impact other aspects of carbon metabolism is unclear. We established that a loss-of-function mutation in MYB75 (myb75-1) results in increased cell wall thickness in xylary and interfascicular fibers within the inflorescence stem. The total lignin content and S/G ratio of the lignin monomers were also affected. Transcript profiles from the myb75-1 inflorescence stem revealed marked up-regulation in the expression of a suite of genes associated with lignin biosynthesis and cellulose deposition, as well as cell wall modifying proteins and genes involved in photosynthesis and carbon assimilation. These patterns suggest that MYB75 acts as a repressor of the lignin branch of the phenylpropanoid pathway. Since MYB75 physically interacts with another secondary cell wall regulator, the KNOX transcription factor KNAT7, these regulatory proteins may form functional complexes that contribute to the regulation of secondary cell wall deposition in the Arabidopsis inflorescence stem, and that integrate the metabolic flux through the lignin, flavonoid and polysaccharide pathways.
Unknown Aug. 31, 2010; 0(0); [PUBMED:20807862]
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