CK2 controls the recruitment of Wnt regulators to target genes in vivo.

Regulatory Biology Laboratory, The Salk Institute, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.
Nuclear beta-catenin is a transcriptional coactivator of LEF-1/TCF DNA-binding proteins in the Wnt/Wg signaling pathway. Casein Kinase 2 (CK2), a positive regulator of Wnt signaling, is present in beta-catenin complexes and activated in Wnt-signaling cells. We show here that CK2 enhances beta-catenin:LEF-1 transactivation in vivo and in vitro and that beta-catenin and CK2 cycle on and off the DNA in an alternating manner with the TLE1 corepressor at Wnt target genes. Interestingly, CK2 phosphorylates hLEF-1 directly and stimulates binding and transactivation of beta-catenin:LEF-1 complexes on chromatin templates in vitro. In vitro, CK2 phosphorylation of hLEF-1 strongly enhances its affinity for beta-catenin and reduces its affinity for TLE1. MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS) identified two CK2 phosphorylation sites (S42, S61) within the amino terminus of hLEF-1, and mutation of these sites reduced binding to beta-catenin in vitro and transactivation in vivo. Remarkably, treatment of cells with TBB, a pharmaceutical inhibitor of CK2, blocked the recruitment and cycling of beta-catenin and TLE1 at Wnt target genes in vivo. Taken together, these data indicate that CK2 is required for the assembly and cycling of Wnt-enhancer complexes in vivo.
Mesh Terms:
Animals, Casein Kinase II, Cell Line, Tumor, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, DNA, Humans, Lymphoid Enhancer-Binding Factor 1, Mice, Phosphorylation, RNA Interference, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Signal Transduction, Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization, Wnt Proteins, beta Catenin
Curr. Biol. Nov. 21, 2006; 16(22);2239-44 [PUBMED:17113388]
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