YY1 restrained cell senescence through repressing the transcription of p16.

The transcription factor YY1 has been implicated to play a role in cell growth control. In this report, we demonstrate that YY1 was able to suppress NCI-H460 cell senescence through regulating the expression of p16(INK4a), a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor. We also show that YY1 participated in the repression of p16(INK4a) ...
expression in 293T cells through an epigenetic mechanism involving histone acetylation modification. Specifically, HDAC3 and HDAC4 inhibited the p16(INK4a) promoter activity. The chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays verified that HDAC3 and HDAC4 were recruited to p16(INK4a) promoter by YY1. Moreover, co-immunoprecipitation assays revealed that these three protein factors formed a complex. Furthermore, knockdown of these factors induced cell enlargement and flattened morphology and significantly increased the SA-beta-gal activity, a biochemical marker of cell senescence. Overall, data from this study suggest that YY1, HDAC3 and HDAC4 restrained cell senescence by repressing p16(INK4a) expression through an epigenetic modification of histones.
Mesh Terms:
Acetylation, Cell Aging, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16, Gene Expression Regulation, Histone Deacetylases, Humans, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Binding, RNA Interference, Transcription, Genetic, YY1 Transcription Factor
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
Date: Oct. 01, 2008
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