The N-terminus of Drosophila ESC mediates its phosphorylation and dimerization.

The ESC protein, like other Polycomb Group proteins, is required for heritable silencing of the homeotic genes. ESC is phosphorylated in vivo, but the region of ESC that is phosphorylated and its consequences are not known. Here, we show that the amino-terminal region of ESC (residues 1-60) mediates its phosphorylation ...
and dimerization. Phosphorylation of ESC1-60 in vitro by CK1 and CK2 strongly enhances its dimerization. Both phosphorylation and dimerization are conserved in the mammalian ESC homolog EED, suggesting that they play important roles in vivo. One role is suggested by the effect of phosphatase treatment on native ESC complexes, which does not affect the integrity of the 600 kDa ESC/E(Z) complex, but eliminates the 1 MDa ESC/E(Z) complex, which is distinguished from the former by the presence of the additional subunits PCL and RPD3. Thus, stability and perhaps assembly of larger ESC complexes may depend on ESC phosphorylation.
Mesh Terms:
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Binding Sites, Dimerization, Drosophila, Drosophila Proteins, Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase, Molecular Sequence Data, Molecular Weight, Multiprotein Complexes, Phosphorylation, Protein Binding, Recombinant Proteins, Structure-Activity Relationship
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
Date: Jul. 01, 2005
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