Repression of bone morphogenetic protein and activin-inducible transcription by Evi-1.

Smads, key effectors of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, activin, and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling, regulate gene expression and interact with coactivators and corepressors that modulate Smad activity. The corepressor Evi-1 exerts its oncogenic effects by repressing TGF-beta/Smad3-mediated transcription, thereby blocking TGF-beta-induced growth arrest. Because Evi-1 interacts with the highly ...
conserved MH2 domain of Smad3, we investigated the physical and functional interaction of Evi-1 with Smad1 and Smad2, downstream targets of BMP and activin signaling, respectively. Evi-1 interacted with and repressed the receptor-activated transcription through Smad1 and Smad2, similarly to Smad3. In addition, Evi-1 repressed BMP/Smad1- and activin/Smad2-mediated induction of endogenous Xenopus gene expression, suggesting a role of repression of BMP and activin signals by Evi-1 in vertebrate embryogenesis. Evi-1 also repressed the induction of endogenous Smad7 expression by TGF-beta family ligands. In the course of these studies, we observed Evi-1 repression of Smad transactivation even when Smad binding to DNA was kept constant. We therefore explored the mechanism of Evi-1 repression of TGF-beta family-inducible transcription. Evi-1 repression did not result from displacement of Smad binding to DNA or to CREB-binding protein but from the recruitment of Evi-1 by Smad3 and CREB-binding protein to DNA. Following TGF-beta stimulation, Evi-1 and the associated corepressor CtBP were recruited to the endogenous Smad7 promoter. Evi-1 recruitment to the promoter decreased TGF-beta-induced histone acetylation, coincident with its repression of Smad7 gene expression. In this way, Evi-1 acts as a general Smad corepressor to inhibit TGF-beta-, activin-, and BMP-inducible transcription.
Mesh Terms:
Acetylation, Activins, Animals, Bone Morphogenetic Proteins, CREB-Binding Protein, Cell Line, DNA, DNA-Binding Proteins, Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental, Histones, Humans, Nuclear Proteins, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Binding, Proto-Oncogenes, Smad3 Protein, Trans-Activators, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic, Transforming Growth Factor beta, Xenopus
J. Biol. Chem.
Date: Jun. 24, 2005
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