The nuclear receptor coactivator PGC-1alpha exhibits modes of interaction with the estrogen receptor distinct from those of SRC-1.

Estrogen receptor (ER) function is mediated by multi-domain co-regulator proteins. A fluorescently labelled fragment of the human PGC-1alpha co-regulator (residues 91-408) bearing the two motifs most strongly implicated in interactions with nuclear receptors (NR box2 and NR box3), was used to characterize in vitro binding of PGC-1alpha to ER. Anisotropy ...
measurements revealed that the affinity of this PGC-1alpha fragment for human ERalpha and beta was fairly strong in the presence of estradiol (approximately 5 nM), and that unlike a similar fragment of SRC-1 (570-780), PGC-191-408 exhibited ligand-independent interactions with ER, particularly with ERbeta (Kd approximately 30 nM). Competition experiments of the complex between ERalpha and fluorescently labelled PGC-1 91-408 with unlabelled SRC-1 570-780 showed that PGC-1 91-408 was an efficient competitor of SRC-1 570-780, while the inverse was not true, underscoring their distinct modes of binding. The anisotropy data provide strong evidence for a ternary complex between ERalpha, SRC-1 570-780 and PGC-1 91-408. GST-pull-down experiments with deletion mutants of ERalpha revealed that the constitutive binding of PGC-1 91-408 requires the presence of the linker domain between the DNA binding and ligand binding domains (DBD and LBD). Homology modeling studies of the different regions of full length PGC-1alpha confirmed the lack of compact tertiary structure of the N-terminal region bearing the NR box motifs, and suggested a slightly different mode of interaction compared to the NR box motifs of SRC-1. They also provided reasonable structural models for the coiled-coil dimerization motif at residues 633-675, as well as the C-terminal putative RNA binding domain, raising important questions concerning the stoichiometry of its complex with the nuclear receptors.
Mesh Terms:
Anisotropy, Dimerization, Estrogen Receptor alpha, Estrogen Receptor beta, Heat-Shock Proteins, Histone Acetyltransferases, Humans, Ligands, Models, Biological, Models, Molecular, Mutation, Nuclear Receptor Coactivator 1, Protein Binding, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Spectrometry, Fluorescence, Thermodynamics, Titrimetry, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic
J. Mol. Biol.
Date: Apr. 15, 2005
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