Role of the LXCXE binding site in Rb function.

Oncoproteins from DNA tumor viruses such as adenovirus E1a, simian virus 40 T antigen, and human papillomavirus E7 contain an LXCXE sequence, which they use to bind the retinoblastoma protein (Rb) and inhibit its function. Cellular proteins such as histone deacetylases 1 and 2 (HDAC1 and -2) also contain an ...
LXCXE-like sequence, which they use to interact with Rb. The LXCXE binding site in Rb was mutated to assess its role in Rb function. These mutations inhibited binding to HDAC1 and -2, which each contain an LXCXE-like sequence, but had no effect on binding to HDAC3, which lacks an LXCXE-like sequence. Mutation of the LXCXE binding site inhibited active transcriptional repression by Rb and prevented it from effectively repressing the cyclin E and A gene promoters. In contrast, mutations in the LXCXE binding site did not prevent Rb from binding and inactivating E2F. Thus, the LXCXE mutations appear to separate Rb's ability to bind and inactivate E2F from its ability to efficiently recruit HDAC1 and -2 and actively repress transcription. In transient assays, several of the LXCXE binding site mutants caused an increase in the percentage of cells in G(1) by flow cytometry, suggesting that they can arrest cells. However, this effect was transient, as none of the mutants affected cell proliferation in longer-term assays examining bromodeoxyuridine incorporation or colony formation. Our results then suggest that the LXCXE binding site is important for full Rb function. Mutation of the LXCXE binding site does not inhibit binding of the BRG1 ATPase component of the SWI/SNF nucleosome remodeling complex, which has been shown previously to be important for Rb function. Indeed, overexpression of BRG1 and Rb in cells deficient for the proteins led to stable growth inhibition, suggesting a cooperative role for SWI/SNF and the LXCXE binding site in efficient Rb function.
Mesh Terms:
Adenovirus E1A Proteins, Animals, Binding Sites, Carrier Proteins, Cell Cycle Proteins, Cell Division, Cell Line, Cercopithecus aethiops, Cyclin A, Cyclin E, DNA Helicases, DNA-Binding Proteins, E2F Transcription Factors, Histone Deacetylase 1, Histone Deacetylase 2, Histone Deacetylases, Humans, Mutagenesis, Nuclear Proteins, Repressor Proteins, Retinoblastoma Protein, Retinoblastoma-Binding Protein 1, Transcription Factor DP1, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic, Tumor Cells, Cultured, Viral Proteins
Mol. Cell. Biol.
Date: Sep. 01, 2000
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