Viral ski inhibits retinoblastoma protein (Rb)-mediated transcriptional repression in a dominant negative fashion.

The mechanism by which the viral oncogene ski (v-ski) transforms chicken embryo fibroblasts is currently unknown. Recently, the c-ski gene product (c-Ski) was found to bind to N-CoR (nuclear hormone receptor co-repressor), an element implicated in transcriptional repression mediated by multiple transcriptional repressors including the nuclear hormone receptors and Mad. ...
c-Ski is required for transcriptional repression mediated by Mad involved in negative regulation of cellular proliferation. v-Ski abrogates Mad-induced transcriptional repression in a dominant negative fashion. Here we report that v-Ski also inhibits transcriptional repression mediated by Rb, another tumor suppressor gene product. Rb forms a complex with c-Ski, Sin3A, and histone deacetylase (HDAC) via direct binding to c-Ski and HDAC. c-Ski is required for the transcriptional repression mediated by Rb. These results suggest that inhibition of Rb activity contributes, at least partly, to transformation by v-Ski.
Mesh Terms:
Animals, Chick Embryo, DNA-Binding Proteins, Hela Cells, Humans, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Repressor Proteins, Retinoblastoma Protein, Transcription, Genetic
J. Biol. Chem.
Date: Feb. 19, 1999
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