Histone deacetylase 3, a class I histone deacetylase, suppresses MAPK11-mediated activating transcription factor-2 activation and represses TNF gene expression.

During inflammatory events, the induction of immediate-early genes, such as TNF-alpha, is regulated by signaling cascades including the JAK/STAT, NF-kappaB, and the p38 MAPK pathways, which result in phosphorylation-dependent activation of transcription factors. We observed the direct interaction of histone deacetylase (HDAC) 3, a class I histone deacetylase, with MAPK11 ...
(p38 beta isoform) by West-Western-based screening analysis, pull-down assay, and two-hybrid system analysis. Results further indicated that HDAC3 decreases the MAPK11 phosphorylation state and inhibits the activity of the MAPK11-dependent transcription factor, activating transcription factor-2 (ATF-2). LPS-mediated activation of ATF-2 was inhibited by HDAC3 in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Inhibition of HDAC3 expression by RNA interference resulted in increased ATF-2 activation in response to LPS stimulation. In agreement with decreased ATF-2 transcriptional activity by HDAC3, HDAC3-repressed TNF gene expression, and TNF protein production observed in response to LPS stimulation. Therefore, our results indicate that HDAC3 interacts directly and selectively with MAPK11, represses ATF-2 transcriptional activity, and acts as a regulator of TNF gene expression in LPS-stimulated cells, especially in mononuclear phagocytes.
Mesh Terms:
Activating Transcription Factor 2, Animals, COS Cells, Cell Line, Tumor, Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein, Down-Regulation, Gene Silencing, Histone Deacetylases, Humans, Isoenzymes, Lipopolysaccharides, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 11, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases, Monocytes, Peptide Fragments, Repressor Proteins, Transcription Factors, Transfection, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, U937 Cells
J. Immunol.
Date: Sep. 15, 2004
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