Effect of cellular environment on the selective activation of the vitamin D receptor by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and its analog 1alpha-fluoro-16-ene-20-epi-23-ene-26,27-bishomo-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (Ro-26-9228).

The vitamin D analog, 1alpha-fluoro-16-ene-20-epi-23-ene-26,27-bishomo-25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) (Ro-26-9228) is tissue selective, with a gene regulation preference for bone over duodenum in vivo. In the human osteoblast-like cells, hFOB, the vitamin D receptor (VDR)-mediated transcriptional potencies of Ro-26-9228 and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25D(3)) were similar, but in the intestinal cells, Caco-2, transcriptional potency ...
of Ro-26-9228 was 10-50 times lower. We hypothesized that transcriptional activation of the VDR by Ro-26-9228 in the two cell types is regulated differently, and compared VDR extracted from hFOB or Caco-2 cells for their abilities to interact with a p160 coactivator [glucocorticoid receptor-interacting protein (GRIP)] and with retinoid X receptor (RXR) by pull-down assays. 1,25D(3) had similar potencies to induce interactions of VDR from the two cell types with these partners of transcription. In contrast, Ro-26-9228 induced interaction of osteoblastic VDR with RXR and GRIP but did not induce these interactions with VDR from Caco-2 cells. Further studies revealed that in hFOB cells the unoccupied VDR was cytoplasmic and proteasome sensitive, and that ligand treatment caused a rapid accumulation of the VDR in the chromatin. Both cytoplasmic and chromatin-associated ligand-bound VDR from hFOB cells had the abilities to interact with GRIP. In contrast, in Caco-2 cells, unoccupied VDR was localized in both the cytoplasm (70%) and the chromatin (30%). In Caco-2 cells, the cytoplasmic VDR was proteasome resistant, and neither 1,25D(3) nor Ro-26-9228 induced its binding to GRIP. Only a small fraction of the chromatin-associated VDR was proteasome sensitive, and this fraction was distinguishable by a faster electrophoretic mobility. 1,25D(3) induced an accumulation of the proteasome-sensitive VDR in the chromatin of Caco-2 cells and binding to GRIP. Ro-26-9228 failed to induce accumulation of the proteasome-sensitive VDR in the chromatin or binding to GRIP, but a coincubation of Caco-2 cells with the analog and a proteasome inhibitor restored these abilities. These results suggest that Ro-26-9228 has poor ability to promote the accumulation of a proteasome-sensitive, transcriptionally active VDR isoform in Caco-2 cells, whereas it does not have this limitation in hFOB cells.
Mesh Terms:
Caco-2 Cells, Calcitriol, Gene Expression Regulation, Humans, Intestines, Ligands, Osteoblasts, Receptors, Calcitriol, Vitamin D
Mol. Endocrinol.
Date: Apr. 01, 2004
Download Curated Data For This Publication
Switch View:
  • Interactions 2