Nucleosome assembly protein 1 exchanges histone H2A-H2B dimers and assists nucleosome sliding.

Eukaryotic chromatin is highly dynamic and turns over rapidly even in the absence of DNA replication. Here we show that the acidic histone chaperone nucleosome assembly protein 1 (NAP-1) from yeast reversibly removes and replaces histone protein dimer H2A-H2B or histone variant dimers from assembled nucleosomes, resulting in active histone ...
exchange. Transient removal of H2A-H2B dimers facilitates nucleosome sliding along the DNA to a thermodynamically favorable position. Histone exchange as well as nucleosome sliding is independent of ATP and relies on the presence of the C-terminal acidic domain of yeast NAP-1, even though this region is not required for histone binding and chromatin assembly. Our results suggest a novel role for NAP-1 (and perhaps other acidic histone chaperones) in mediating chromatin fluidity by incorporating histone variants and assisting nucleosome sliding. NAP-1 may function either untargeted (if acting alone) or may be targeted to specific regions within the genome through interactions with additional factors.
Mesh Terms:
Cell Cycle Proteins, Dimerization, Histones, Nuclear Proteins, Nucleosome Assembly Protein 1, Proteins, Thermodynamics
J. Biol. Chem.
Date: Jan. 21, 2005
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