Modulation of SCF beta-TrCP-dependent I kappaB alpha ubiquitination by hydrogen peroxide.

Reactive oxygen species are known to participate in the regulation of intracellular signaling pathways, including activation of NF-kappaB. Recent studies have indicated that increases in intracellular concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) have anti-inflammatory effects in neutrophils, including inhibition of the degradation of I kappaB alpha after TLR4 engagement. In the ...
present experiments, we found that culture of lipopolysaccharide-stimulated neutrophils and HEK 293 cells with H(2)O(2) resulted in diminished ubiquitination of I kappaB alpha and decreased SCF(beta-TrCP) ubiquitin ligase activity. Exposure of neutrophils or HEK 293 cells to H(2)O(2) was associated with reduced binding between phosphorylated I kappaB alpha and SCF(beta-TrCP) but no change in the composition of the SCF(beta-TrCP) complex. Lipopolysaccharide-induced SCF(beta-TrCP) ubiquitin ligase activity as well as binding of beta-TrCP to phosphorylated I kappaB alpha was decreased in the lungs of acatalasemic mice and mice treated with the catalase inhibitor aminotriazole, situations in which intracellular concentrations of H(2)O(2) are increased. Exposure to H(2)O(2) resulted in oxidative modification of cysteine residues in beta-TrCP. Cysteine 308 in Blade 1 of the beta-TrCP beta-propeller region was found to be required for maximal binding between beta-TrCP and phosphorylated I kappaB alpha. These findings suggest that the anti-inflammatory effects of H(2)O(2) may result from its ability to decrease ubiquitination as well as subsequent degradation of I kappaB alpha through inhibiting the association between I kappaB alpha and SCF(beta-TrCP).
Mesh Terms:
Acatalasia, Acute Lung Injury, Amitrole, Animals, Catalase, Cells, Cultured, Enzyme Inhibitors, Humans, Hydrogen Peroxide, I-kappa B Proteins, Kidney, Lipopolysaccharides, Mice, Mice, Inbred C3H, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Mutant Strains, Neutrophils, Oxidants, Phosphorylation, SKP Cullin F-Box Protein Ligases, Ubiquitination
J. Biol. Chem.
Date: Jan. 22, 2010
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