SCH529074, a small molecule activator of mutant p53, which binds p53 DNA binding domain (DBD), restores growth-suppressive function to mutant p53 and interrupts HDM2-mediated ubiquitination of wild type p53.

Abrogation of p53 function occurs in almost all human cancers, with more than 50% of cancers harboring inactivating mutations in p53 itself. Mutation of p53 is indicative of highly aggressive cancers and poor prognosis. The vast majority of mutations in p53 occur in its core DNA binding domain (DBD) and ...
result in inactivation of p53 by reducing its thermodynamic stability at physiological temperature. Here, we report a small molecule, SCH529074, that binds specifically to the p53 DBD in a saturable manner with an affinity of 1-2 microm. Binding restores wild type function to many oncogenic mutant forms of p53. This small molecule reactivates mutant p53 by acting as a chaperone, in a manner similar to that previously reported for the peptide CDB3. Binding of SCH529074 to the p53 DBD is specifically displaced by an oligonucleotide with a sequence derived from the p53-response element. In addition to reactivating mutant p53, SCH529074 binding inhibits ubiquitination of p53 by HDM2. We have also developed a novel variant of p53 by changing a single amino acid in the core domain of p53 (N268R), which abolishes binding of SCH529074. This amino acid change also inhibits HDM2-mediated ubiquitination of p53. Our novel findings indicate that through its interaction with p53 DBD, SCH529074 restores DNA binding activity to mutant p53 and inhibits HDM2-mediated ubiquitination.
Mesh Terms:
Animals, Apoptosis, Binding Sites, Blotting, Western, Cell Proliferation, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Colorectal Neoplasms, DNA, Female, Humans, Immunoprecipitation, Mice, Mice, Nude, Molecular Chaperones, Mutation, Piperazines, Protein Binding, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2, Quinazolines, RNA, Messenger, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53, Ubiquitination, Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
J. Biol. Chem.
Date: Apr. 02, 2010
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