The catalytic subunit of the proteasome is engaged in the entire process of estrogen receptor-regulated transcription.

The ubiquitin-proteasome system plays an important role in a variety of cellular functions by means of its proteolytic activity. Interestingly, recent studies have indicated that the proteasome components are also integral parts of transcription complexes. In genome-wide screening for steroid receptor coactivator (SRC)-interacting proteins using yeast two-hybrid system, we found ...
that the 20S proteasome beta subunit LMP2 (Low Molecular mass Polypeptide 2) interacts directly with the SRC coactivators. We showed that LMP2 is required for estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated gene transcription and for estrogen-stimulated cell cycle progression. We found that LMP2-associated proteasome is recruited to the entire sequence of ER target genes, implicating a role for the proteasome in both transcription initiation and elongation. We demonstrated that the recruitment of LMP2 by SRC coactivators is necessary for cyclic association of ER-regulated transcription complexes on ER targets. These results revealed a mechanism by which the proteasome machinery is recruited in ER-mediated gene transcription. Our experiments also provided evidence implicating SRC coactivators in gene transcription elongation.
Mesh Terms:
Base Sequence, Catalytic Domain, Cell Cycle, Cysteine Endopeptidases, DNA, Humans, Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex, Protein Subunits, RNA Interference, Receptors, Estrogen, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Trans-Activators, Transcription, Genetic, Tumor Suppressor Proteins, Two-Hybrid System Techniques
Date: Sep. 20, 2006
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