RNA helicase A interacts with RISC in human cells and functions in RISC loading.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA.
RNA interference is a conserved pathway of sequence-specific gene silencing that depends on small guide RNAs and the action of proteins assembled in the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC). Minimally, the action of RISC requires the endonucleolytic slicer activity of Argonaute2 (Ago2) directed to RNA targets whose sequences are complementary to RISC-incorporated small RNA. To identify RISC components in human cells, we developed an affinity-purification strategy to isolate siRNA-programmed RISC. Here we report the identification of RNA helicase A (RHA) as a human RISC-associated factor. We show that RHA interacts in human cells with siRNA, Ago2, TRBP, and Dicer and functions in the RNAi pathway. In RHA-depleted cells, RNAi was reduced as a consequence of decreased intracellular concentration of active RISC assembled with the guide-strand RNA and Ago2. Our results identify RHA as a RISC component and demonstrate that RHA functions in RISC as an siRNA-loading factor.
Mesh Terms:
Argonaute Proteins, Carboxypeptidases, Cell Line, DEAD-box RNA Helicases, Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2, Gene Silencing, Genes, Reporter, HeLa Cells, Humans, Kidney, Neoplasm Proteins, RNA Interference, RNA, Messenger, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Transfection
Mol. Cell May. 25, 2007; 26(4);523-37 [PUBMED:17531811]
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