A positive role for patched-smoothened signaling in promoting cell proliferation during normal head development in Drosophila.

The transmembrane receptor Patched regulates several developmental processes in both invertebrates and vertebrates. In vertebrates, Patched also acts as a tumor suppressor. The Patched pathway normally operates by negatively regulating Smoothened, a G-protein-coupled receptor; binding of Hedgehog ligand to Patched relieves this negative interaction and allows signaling by Smoothened. We ...
show that Ptc regulates Drosophila head development by promoting cell proliferation in the eye-antennal disc. During head morphogenesis, Patched positively interacts with Smoothened, which leads to the activation of Activin type I receptor Baboon and stimulation of cell proliferation in the eye-antennal disc. Thus, loss of Ptc or Smoothened activity affects cell proliferation in the eye-antennal disc and results in adult head capsule defects. Similarly, reducing the dose of smoothened in a patched background enhances the head defects. Consistent with these results, gain-of-function Hedgehog interferes with the activation of Baboon by Patched and Smoothened, leading to a similar head capsule defect. Expression of an activated form of Baboon in the patched domain in a patched mutant background completely rescues the head defects. These results provide insight into head morphogenesis, a process we know very little about, and reveal an unexpected non-canonical positive signaling pathway in which Patched and Smoothened function to promote cell proliferation as opposed to repressing it.
Mesh Terms:
Alleles, Animals, Cell Death, Cell Division, Drosophila Proteins, Drosophila melanogaster, Eye, Head, Hedgehog Proteins, Insect Proteins, Membrane Proteins, Mutagenesis, Phenotype, Platelet Glycoprotein GPIb-IX Complex, Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins, Receptors, Cell Surface, Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled, Signal Transduction
Date: Apr. 01, 2002
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