Novel isotypic gamma/zeta subunits reveal three coatomer complexes in mammals.

In early secretory transport, coat recruitment for the formation of coat protein I (COPI) vesicles involves binding to donor Golgi membranes of the small GTPase ADP-ribosylation factor 1 and subsequent attachment of the cytoplasmic heptameric complex coatomer. Various hypotheses exist as to the precise role of and possible routes taken ...
by COPI vesicles in the mammalian cell. Here we report the ubiquitous expression of two novel isotypes of coatomer subunits gamma- and zeta-COP that are incorporated into coatomer, and show that three isotypes exist of the complex defined by the subunit combinations gamma 1/zeta 1, gamma 1/zeta 2, and gamma 2/zeta 1. In a liver cytosol, these forms make up the total coatomer in a ratio of about 2:1:2, respectively. The coatomer isotypes are located differentially within the early secretory pathway, and the gamma 2/zeta 1 isotype is preferentially incorporated into COPI vesicles. A population of COPI vesicles was characterized that almost exclusively contains gamma 2/zeta 1 coatomer. This existence of three structurally different forms of coatomer will need to be considered in future models of COPI-mediated transport.
Mesh Terms:
Animals, COP-Coated Vesicles, Coatomer Protein, Humans, Organ Specificity, Protein Structure, Quaternary, Rats
Mol. Cell. Biol.
Date: Feb. 01, 2004
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