Different classes of coactivators recognize distinct but overlapping binding sites on the estrogen receptor ligand binding domain.

We have analyzed interaction of coactivators with the wild-type estrogen receptor alpha (ER), HEG0, and a mutant, L536P-HEG0, which is constitutively active in several transiently transfected cells and a HeLa line that stably propagates an estrogen-sensitive reporter gene. Different classes of coactivators do not recognize the ER ligand binding domain ...
(LBD) in the same manner. Steroid receptor coactivator-1 (SRC-1), amplified in breast cancer-1 (AIB-1), transcriptional intermediary factor-1 (TIF-1), transcriptional intermediary factor-2 (TIF-2), and receptor interacting protein 140 (RIP140) interacted with HEG0 and L536P-HEG0 in the presence of estradiol, but generally not in the presence of anti-estrogens. However, ICI164,384 stimulated some interaction of RIP140 with LBDs. SRC-1, AIB-1, and RIP140 interacted constitutively with the L536P ER, whereas TIF-1 and TIF-2 interacted only weakly in the absence of hormone. Reciprocal competition for binding to the ER LBD was observed between different classes of coactivators. Moreover, coexpression of RIP140 blocked enhanced transactivation by HEG0 observed in the presence of TIF-2, suggesting that RIP140 may play a negative role in ER signaling. We conclude that constitutive activity of L536P-HEG0 is manifested to similar degrees in different cell types and likely arises from constitutive coactivator binding; different classes of coactivators recognize distinct but overlapping binding sites on the ER LBD. Finally, the observation that L536P-HEG0 interacted constitutively with AIB-1, a coactivator that has been implicated in ER signaling in breast and ovarian cancer, suggests that similar mutations in the ER may contribute to hormone-independent proliferation of breast and ovarian cells.
Mesh Terms:
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing, Animals, Binding Sites, Binding, Competitive, Breast Neoplasms, COS Cells, Estrogens, Female, HeLa Cells, Histone Acetyltransferases, Humans, Ligands, Mutation, Nuclear Proteins, Nuclear Receptor Coactivator 1, Ovarian Neoplasms, Peptide Fragments, Protein Binding, Receptors, Estrogen, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Signal Transduction, Transcription Factors, Transcriptional Activation
J. Biol. Chem.
Date: Oct. 23, 1998
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