Saccharomyces cerevisiae PAC2 functions with CIN1, 2 and 4 in a pathway leading to normal microtubule stability.

The products of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CIN1, CIN2 and CIN4 genes participate in a nonessential pathway required for normal microtubule function. In this article, we demonstrate that the product of PAC2 also functions in this pathway. PAC2 deletion mutants displayed phenotypes and genetic interactions similar to those caused by cin1 ...
delta, cin2 delta and cin4 delta. These include cold-sensitive microtubule structures and sensitivity to the microtubule depolymerizing agent benomyl. Involvement in a common functional pathway is indicated by the observation that all double mutant recombinations are viable and no more affected than any single mutant. In addition, extra copies of CIN1 were found to suppress the benomyl sensitivity of pac2 delta, cin2 delta and cin4 delta, but not that caused by other mutations that affect microtubule function. Cin1p and Pac2p were found to be related in sequence to mammalian proteins that aid in the folding of beta-tubulin into an assembly-competent state. Alleles of CIN1 were identified that could suppress the benomyl sensitivity of cin4-4 in a highly specific fashion. Our findings suggest that the guanine nucleotide-binding Cin4p interacts with Cin1p and regulates its tubulin folding activity.
Mesh Terms:
Alleles, Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Base Sequence, Cattle, DNA, Fungal, Fungal Proteins, Microtubule-Associated Proteins, Microtubules, Molecular Sequence Data, Phenotype, Protein Folding, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins, Tubulin
Date: Jul. 01, 1997
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