Functional characterization of the interaction of Ste50p with Ste11p MAPKKK in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ste11p protein kinase is a homologue of mammalian MAPK/extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase kinase kinases (MAPKKKs or MEKKs) as well as the Schizosaccharomyces pombe Byr2p kinase. Ste11p functions in several signaling pathways, including those for mating pheromone response and osmotic stress response. The Ste11p kinase has an N-terminal ...
domain that interacts with other signaling molecules to regulate Ste11p function and direct its activity in these pathways. One of the Ste11p regulators is Ste50p, and Ste11p and Ste50p associate through their respective N-terminal domains. This interaction relieves a negative activity of the Ste11p N terminus, and removal of this negative function is required for Ste11p function in the high-osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway. The Ste50p/Ste11p interaction is also important (but not essential) for Ste11p function in the mating pathway; in this pathway binding of the Ste11p N terminus with both Ste50p and Ste5p is required, with the Ste5p association playing the major role in Ste11p function. In vitro, Ste50p disrupts an association between the catalytic C terminus and the regulatory N terminus of Ste11p. In addition, Ste50p appears to modulate Ste11p autophosphorylation and is itself a substrate of the Ste11p kinase. Therefore, both in vivo and in vitro data support a role for Ste50p in the regulation of Ste11p activity.
Mesh Terms:
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing, Alleles, Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases, Carrier Proteins, Catalytic Domain, Cell Cycle, Fungal Proteins, Glycerol, MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases, Membrane Proteins, Osmosis, Pheromones, Phosphorylation, Recombinant Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins, Sequence Deletion, Substrate Specificity, Transcription Factors
Mol. Biol. Cell
Date: Jul. 01, 1999
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