A screen for genes involved in the anaphase proteolytic pathway identifies tsm1(+), a novel Schizosaccharomyces pombe gene important for microtubule integrity.

Molecular Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0347, USA.
The growth of several mitotic mutants of Schizosaccharomyces pombe, including nuc2-663, is inhibited by the protease inhibitor N-Tosyl-L-Phenylalanine Chloromethyl Ketone (TPCK). Because nuc2(+) encodes a presumptive component of the Anaphase Promoting Complex, which is required for the ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis of certain proteins during exit from mitosis, we have used sensitivity to TPCK as a criterion by which to search for novel S. pombe mutants defective in the anaphase-promoting pathway. In a genetic screen for temperature-sensitive mitotic mutants that were also sensitive to TPCK at a permissive temperature, we isolated three tsm (TPCK-sensitive mitotic) strains. Two of these are alleles of cut1(+), but tsm1-512 maps to a novel genetic location. The tsm1-512 mutation leads to delayed nuclear division at restrictive temperatures, apparently as a result of an impaired ability to form a metaphase spindle. After shift of early G2 cells to 36 degrees, tsm1-512 arrests transiently in the second mitotic division and then exits mitosis, as judged by spindle elongation and septation. The chromosomes, however, often fail to segregate properly. Genetic interactions between tsm1-512 and components of the anaphase proteolytic pathway suggest a functional involvement of the Tsm1 protein in this pathway.
Mesh Terms:
Anaphase, Cell Cycle, DNA-Binding Proteins, Fungal Proteins, Genetic Testing, Genotype, Microtubules, Mitosis, Models, Genetic, Mutagenesis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Schizosaccharomyces, TATA-Binding Protein Associated Factors, Tosylphenylalanyl Chloromethyl Ketone, Transcription Factor TFIID, Transcription Factors
Genetics Jul. 01, 1998; 149(3);1251-64 [PUBMED:9649518]
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