Yeast VSM1 encodes a v-SNARE binding protein that may act as a negative regulator of constitutive exocytosis.

We have screened for proteins that interact with v-SNAREs of the late secretory pathway in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A novel protein, designated Vsm1, binds tightly to the Snc2 v-SNARE in the two-hybrid system and can be coimmunoprecipitated with Snc1 or Snc2 from solubilized yeast cell extracts. Disruption of the ...
VSM1 gene results in an increase of proteins secreted into the medium but does not affect the processing or secretion of invertase. In contrast, VSM1 overexpression in cells which bear a temperature-sensitive mutation in the Sec9 t-SNARE (sec9-4 cells) results in the accumulation of non-invertase-containing low-density secretory vesicles, inhibits cell growth and the secretion of proteins into the medium, and blocks rescue of the temperature-sensitive phenotype by SNC1 overexpression. Yet, VSM1 overexpression does not affect yeast bearing a sec9-7 allele which, in contrast to sec9-4, encodes a t-SNARE protein capable of forming a stable SNARE complex in vitro at restrictive temperatures. On the basis of these results, we propose that Vsm1 is a novel v-SNARE-interacting protein that appears to act as negative regulator of constitutive exocytosis. Moreover, this regulation appears specific to one of two parallel exocytic paths which are operant in yeast cells.
Mesh Terms:
Amino Acid Sequence, Carrier Proteins, Cell Membrane, Coated Vesicles, Exocytosis, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Fungal Proteins, Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal, Glucan 1,3-beta-Glucosidase, Glycoside Hydrolases, Immunoblotting, Membrane Proteins, Microscopy, Electron, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutagenesis, Plasmids, Precipitin Tests, R-SNARE Proteins, SNARE Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Subcellular Fractions, Temperature, Time Factors, Vesicular Transport Proteins, beta-Fructofuranosidase, beta-Glucosidase
Mol. Cell. Biol.
Date: Jun. 01, 1999
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