Isoform-Selective Oligomer Formation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae p24 Family Proteins.

p24 family proteins are evolutionarily conserved transmembrane proteins involved in the early secretory pathway. Saccharomyces cerevisiae has eight known p24 proteins, which are classified into four subfamilies (p24α, β, γ and δ). Emp24 and Erv25 are the sole members of p24β and δ, respectively, and deletion of either destabilizes the ...
remaining p24 proteins, resulting in p24 null phenotype (p24Δ). We studied genetic and physical interactions of p24α (Erp1, 5 and 6) and γ (Erp2, 3 and 4). Deletion of the major p24α (Erp1) partially inhibited p24 activity as reported previously. A second mutation in either Erp5 or Erp6 aggravated the erp1Δ phenotype, and the triple mutation gave a full p24Δ phenotype. Similar genetic interactions were observed among the major p24γ (Erp2) and the other two γ members. All the p24α/γ isoforms interacted with both p24β and δ. Interaction between p24α and γ was isoform-selective, and five major α/γ pairs were detected. These results suggest that the yeast p24 proteins form functionally redundant αβγδ complexes. We also identified Rrt6 as a novel p24δ isoform. Rrt6 shows only limited sequence identity (~15%) to known p24 proteins, but was found to have structural properties characteristic of p24. Rrt6 was induced when cells were grown on glycerol and form an additional αβγδ complex with Erp3, Erp5 and Emp24. This complex was mainly localized to the Golgi, while the p24 complex containing Erv25 instead of Rrt6 but otherwise with the same isoform composition was found mostly in the ER.
J. Biol. Chem.
Date: Nov. 11, 2013
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