Analysis of the Tolerance to DNA Alkylating Damage in MEC1 and RAD53 Checkpoint Mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Instituto de Biologia Molecular y Celular del Cancer, Departamento de Microbiologia y Genetica, Universidad de Salamanca/CSIC, Salamanca, Spain.
Checkpoint response, tolerance and repair are three major pathways that eukaryotic cells evolved independently to maintain genome stability and integrity. Here, we studied the sensitivity to DNA damage in checkpoint-deficient budding yeast cells and found that checkpoint kinases Mec1 and Rad53 may modulate the balance between error-free and error-prone branches of the tolerance pathway. We have consistently observed that mutation of the RAD53 counterbalances error-free and error-prone branches upon exposure of cells to DNA damage induced either by MMS alkylation or by UV-radiation. We have also found that the potential Mec1/Rad53 balance modulation is independent from Rad6/Rad18-mediated PCNA ubiquitylation, as mec1Δ or rad53Δ mutants show no defects in the modification of the sliding clamp, therefore, we infer that it is likely exerted by acting on TLS polymerases and/or template switching targets.
PLoS ONE Nov. 22, 2013; 8(11);e81108 [PUBMED:24260543]
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