MSI1 suppresses hyperactive RAS via the cAMP-dependent protein kinase and independently of chromatin assembly factor-1.

Department of Developmental and Molecular Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.
RAS hyperactivation in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae leads to multiple nutritional growth defects associated with overstimulation of the cAMP signaling pathway. Hyperactive RAS can be suppressed by overexpression of MSI1, a subunit of chromatin assembly factor-1 (yCAF-1). MSI1 overexpression suppresses phenotypes induced by increased cAMP content in multiple genetic backgrounds. However, MSI1 does not inhibit cAMP synthesis or total cellular cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) activity, nor does MSI1 stimulate expression of several cAMP-repressible genes critical for the acquisition of thermotolerance in the stationary phase. Our analysis indicates that yCAF-1 is dispensable for inhibition of hyperactive RAS by MSI1. We demonstrate that in the presence of the PKA regulatory subunit, BCY1, MSI1 inhibits phenotypes of a mutationally activated PKA catalytic subunit. These observations indicate that MSI1 affects PKA function in a BCY1-dependent manner via mechanisms other than direct overall inhibition of PKA catalytic activity. MSI1 appears to provide two distinct roles in chromatin modeling as a component of yCAF-1, and in the inhibition of RAS signaling by modulating PKA.
Mesh Terms:
Chromatin Assembly Factor-1, Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone, Cyclic AMP, Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases, DNA-Binding Proteins, Fungal Proteins, Recombinant Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Signal Transduction, Suppression, Genetic, ras Proteins
Curr. Genet. Aug. 01, 2000; 38(2);60-70 [PUBMED:10975254]
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