The Rad5 helicase activity is dispensable for error-free DNA post-replication repair.

DNA post-replication repair (PRR) functions to bypass replication-blocking lesions and is subdivided into two parallel pathways: error-prone translesion DNA synthesis and error-free PRR. While both pathways are dependent on the ubiquitination of PCNA, error-free PRR utilizes noncanonical K63-linked polyubiquitinated PCNA to signal lesion bypass through template switch, a process thought ...
to be dependent on Mms2-Ubc13 and a RING finger motif of the Rad5 ubiquitin ligase. Previous in vitro studies demonstrated the ability of Rad5 to promote replication fork regression, a function dependent on its helicase activity. To investigate the genetic and mechanistic relationship between fork regression in vitro and template switch in vivo, we created and characterized site-specific mutations defective in the Rad5 RING or helicase activity. Our results indicate that both the Rad5 ubiquitin ligase and the helicase activities are exclusively involved in the same error-free PRR pathway. Surprisingly, the Rad5 helicase mutation abolishes its physical interaction with Ubc13 and the K63-linked PCNA polyubiquitin chain assembly. Indeed, physical fusions of Rad5 with Ubc13 bypass the requirement for either the helicase or the RING finger domain. Since the helicase domain overlaps with the SWI/SNF chromatin-remodelling domain, our findings suggest a structural role of this domain and that the Rad5 helicase activity is dispensable for error-free lesion bypass.
DNA Repair (Amst.)
Date: Apr. 01, 2014
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