Human herpesvirus-6B protein U19 contains a p53 BOX I homology motif for HDM2 binding and p53 stabilization.

In order to establish a successful infection, it is of crucial importance for invading viruses to alter the activities of the regulatory protein p53. Beta-herpesviruses stabilize p53 and likely direct its activities towards generation of a replication-friendly environment. We here study the mechanisms behind HHV-6B-induced stabilization and inactivation of p53. ...
Stable transgene expression of the HHV-6B protein U19 was sufficient to achieve upregulation of p53. U19 bound directly to the p53-regulating protein HDM2 in vitro, co-precipitated together with HDM2 in lysates, and co-localized with HDM2 in the nucleus when overexpressed. U19 contained a sequence with a putative p53 BOX I-motif for HDM2 binding. Mutation of the two key amino acids within this motif was sufficient to inhibit all the described U19 functions. Our study provides further insight into p53-modulating strategies used by herpesviruses and elucidates a mechanism used by HHV-6B to circumvent the antiviral response.
Mesh Terms:
Amino Acid Motifs, Cell Line, Herpesvirus 6, Human, Humans, Protein Binding, Protein Stability, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2, Roseolovirus Infections, Trans-Activators, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53, Viral Proteins
Date: Jan. 05, 2014
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