Extracellular signals regulate rapid coactivator recruitment at AP-1 sites by altered phosphorylation of both CREB binding protein and c-jun.

Retinoic acid (RA) inhibits matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) expression due to AP-1 inhibition resulting from retinoic acid receptors (RARs) competing for limiting amounts of coactivator proteins. However, given the rapid kinetics of MMP-9 transcription, it seems unlikely that these interactions can be explained passively. Our previous studies indicated that coactivator ...
and transcription factor phosphorylation may allow for rapid regulation of MMP-9 expression. In the present study we tested this hypothesis directly. CREB binding protein (CBP) and p300/CBP-associated factor (PCAF) were displaced from transcription factor binding sites on the MMP-9 promoter within minutes of RA treatment. The RAR interaction domains of CBP and PCAF were not required for this displacement. RA and epidermal growth factor had opposing effects on phosphorylation of CBP by extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 that correlated with altered CBP occupancy of AP-1 sites and differential MMP-9 promoter activation. We identified a novel phosphorylation site in the CBP carboxyl terminus that mediated association with AP-1 sites in the MMP-9 promoter. Inhibition of c-jun phosphorylation displaced PCAF from AP-1 sites and reduced promoter activity. Phosphorylation deficient c-jun was less able to recruit PCAF to AP-1 sites. We also demonstrated novel interactions between coactivators and AP-1 proteins. We propose that extracellular signal-mediated coactivator exchange at AP-1 sites is mediated via protein kinase pathways.
Mesh Terms:
Binding Sites, CREB-Binding Protein, Cell Line, Tumor, Extracellular Space, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Humans, Matrix Metalloproteinase 9, Models, Biological, Mutation, Phosphorylation, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun, Signal Transduction, Transcription Factor AP-1, Transcription, Genetic, Tretinoin, p300-CBP Transcription Factors
Mol. Cell. Biol.
Date: Jul. 01, 2008
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