Interaction of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Tat with the transcriptional coactivators p300 and CREB binding protein.

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) encodes the transactivator protein Tat, which is essential for viral replication and progression to disease. Here we demonstrate that transcriptional activation by HIV-1 Tat involves p300 or the related cellular transcriptional coactivator CREB binding protein (CBP). Tat transactivation was inhibited by the 12S form ...
of the adenovirus E1A gene product, which inhibits p300 function, and this inhibition was independent of its effect on NF-kappaB transcription. A biochemical interaction of p300 with Tat was demonstrated in vitro and in vivo by coimmunoprecipitation. The carboxy-terminal region of p300, which binds to E1A, was shown to bind specifically to the highly conserved basic domain of Tat, which also mediates binding to the Tat-responsive region RNA stem-loop structure. The ability of Tat to interact physically and functionally with this coactivator provides a mechanism to assemble a basal transcription complex which may subsequently respond to the effect of Tat on transcriptional elongation and represents a novel interaction between an RNA binding protein and a transcriptional coactivator.
Mesh Terms:
CREB-Binding Protein, Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase, Gene Products, tat, HIV-1, Humans, Jurkat Cells, Nuclear Proteins, Protein Binding, Trans-Activators, tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
J. Virol.
Date: Oct. 01, 1998
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