Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromatin-assembly factors that act during DNA replication function in the maintenance of genome stability.

Some spontaneous gross chromosomal rearrangements (GCRs) seem to result from DNA-replication errors. The chromatin-assembly factor I (CAF-I) and replication-coupling assembly factor (RCAF) complexes function in chromatin assembly during DNA replication and repair and could play a role in maintaining genome stability. Inactivation of CAF-I or RCAF increased the rate of ...
accumulating different types of GCRs including translocations and deletion of chromosome arms with associated de novo telomere addition. Inactivation of CAF-I seems to cause damage that activates the DNA-damage checkpoints, whereas inactivation of RCAF seems to cause damage that activates the DNA-damage and replication checkpoints. Both defects result in increased genome instability that is normally suppressed by these checkpoints, RAD52-dependent recombination, and PIF1-dependent inhibition of de novo telomere addition. Treatment of CAF-I- or RCAF-defective cells with methyl methanesulfonate increased the induction of GCRs compared with that seen for a wild-type strain. These results indicate that coupling of chromatin assembly to DNA replication and DNA repair is critical to maintaining genome stability.
Mesh Terms:
Chromatin Assembly Factor-1, Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone, DNA Damage, DNA Repair, DNA Replication, DNA-Binding Proteins, Mutation, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
Date: May. 27, 2003
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