Isolation and genetic analysis of extragenic suppressors of the hyper-deletion phenotype of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae hpr1 delta mutation.

The HPR1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is involved in maintaining low levels of deletions between DNA repeats. To understand how deletions initiate in the absence of the Hpr1 protein and the mechanisms of recombination leading to deletions in S. cerevisiae, we have isolated mutations as suppressors of the hyper-deletion phenotype ...
of the hpr1 delta mutation. The mutations defined five different genes called HRS for hyper-recombination suppression. They suppress the hyper-deletion phenotype of hpr1 delta strains for three direct repeat systems tested. The mutations eliminated the hyper-deletion phenotype of hpr1 delta strains either completely (hrs1-1 and hrs2-1) or significantly (hrs3-1, hrs4-1 and hrs5-1). None of the mutations has a clear effect on the levels of spontaneous and double-strand break-induced deletions. Among other characteristics we have found are the following: (1) one mutation, hrs1-1, reduces the frequency of deletions in rad52-1 strains 20-fold, suggesting that the HRS1 gene is involved in the formation of RAD52-independent deletions; (2) the hrs2-1 hpr1 delta mutant is sensitive to methyl-methane-sulfonate and the single mutants hpr1 delta and hrs2-1 are resistant, which suggests that the HPR1 and HRS2 proteins may have redundant DNA repair functions; (3) the hrs4-1 mutation confers a hyper-mutator phenotype and (4) the phenotype of lack of activation of gene expression observed in hpr1 delta strains is only partially suppressed by the hrs2-1 mutation, which suggests that the possible functions of the Hpr1 protein in gene expression and recombination repair can be separated. We discuss the possible relationship between the HPR1 and the HRS genes and their involvement in initiation of the events responsible for deletion formation.
Mesh Terms:
Chromosomes, Fungal, Crosses, Genetic, DNA-Binding Proteins, Fungal Proteins, Gene Expression, Genes, Fungal, Genes, Suppressor, Meiosis, Methyl Methanesulfonate, Multigene Family, Mutation, Nuclear Proteins, Phenotype, Rad52 DNA Repair and Recombination Protein, Recombination, Genetic, Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Sequence Deletion
Date: Jan. 01, 1995
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