Blood-brain barrier and neuronal membrane transport of 6-[18F]fluoro-L-DOPA.

Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, UCLA School of Medicine, B2-086A Center of the Health Sciences, Los Angeles, CA 90095-6948, USA.
The transport of 6-[18F]fluoro-L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine ([18F]FDOPA) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and neuronal membranes was compared with that of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) in rats. The carotid injection method was used as a direct measurement of [18F]FDOPA, 1-[14C]-L-DOPA, and 3-[14C]-L-DOPA transport across the BBB, while isolated nerve terminals were used to examine neuronal membrane transport of [3H]-L-DOPA. [18F]FDOPA appeared to use the same large neutral amino acid carrier for BBB transport as L-DOPA and L-phenylalanine. In addition, carbidopa [L-alpha-hydrazino-alpha-methyl-beta-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)propionic acid] was found not to have direct interference with the transport carrier on the BBB, but indirectly inhibited aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AAAD) activity in brain endothelium by depletion of pyridoxal phosphate, a necessary cofactor of the enzyme. In striatal and cortical synaptosomes, [3H]-L-DOPA uptake was inhibited by non-radioactive L-DOPA, FDOPA, and 6-fluoro-L-meta-tyrosine (6-FMT). The inhibition was significantly greater in terminals isolated from the striatum than in those from the cerebral cortex. FDOPA, 6-FMT, and L-DOPA equally inhibited the neuronal transport of [3H]-L-DOPA. This suggests that FDOPA and 6-FMT compete with L-DOPA at similar transport sites at the neuronal membrane.
Mesh Terms:
Animals, Biological Transport, Blood-Brain Barrier, Cell Membrane, Dihydroxyphenylalanine, Fluorine Radioisotopes, Levodopa, Male, Models, Animal, Neurons, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Biochem. Pharmacol. Nov. 15, 2001; 62(10);1409-15 [PUBMED:11709201]
172562
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