Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc6 stimulates Abf1 DNA binding activity.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern California School of Medicine 90027, USA.
In budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, an ARS binding factor 1 (Abf1) binds to the sequence-specific DNA element involved in DNA replication and transcription. We describe in this study how yeast Cdc6 protein stimulates Abf1 protein DNA binding activities. The Abf1 binding activity was reduced approximately 20-fold in a cdc6-1 mutant than in the wild-type strain. Introducing a copy of the wild-type CDC6 gene into the cdc6-1 mutant strain restored the Abf1 DNA binding activity. We demonstrated that recombinant Abf1 binds to ARS1 in vitro, and its DNA binding activity can be highly stimulated by the addition of a fusion glutathione S-transferase (GST)-Cdc6 protein. Deletion analysis revealed that the stimulating region is located at the amino terminus of the Cdc6 protein. However, we could not find the direct physical interaction between Cdc6 and Abf1. Instead, we found that the GST-Cdc6 can compete with distamycin A for binding to the DNA molecule. As distamycin A is a specific reagent that binds noncovalently to DNA at (A + T)-rich tracks, the stimulation of Abf1 DNA binding activity may be mediated by the Cdc6/DNA interaction. Our results favor a hypothesis that Cdc6 may function as an architectural factor in the assembly of a functional initiation replication complex.
Mesh Terms:
Antiviral Agents, Cell Cycle Proteins, DNA, Fungal, DNA-Binding Proteins, Distamycins, Fungal Proteins, Phosphoproteins, Protein Binding, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Suppression, Genetic, Transcription Factors
J. Biol. Chem. Jan. 16, 1998; 273(3);1298-302 [PUBMED:9430660]
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