Studies on the inhibition by chlorpromazine of myotonia induced by ion channel modulators in mouse skeletal muscle.

Institute of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei.
The myotonic activity of mouse soleus and extensor digitorum longus muscles induced by either a combination of K+ channel blockers (4-aminopyridine) and a Cl- channel blocker (9-anthracene carboxylic acid) or a Cl- channel blocker in low Ca2+ (0.25 mM) Krebs or a Na+ channel activator (veratridine) was characterized in this paper. Myotonic activity was characterized by an increase in both the contraction amplitude and contraction duration accompanied by stimulus-related repeated action potentials. The slow soleus and fast extensor digitorum longus muscles appeared to differ in their responses to these ion channel modifiers. Nevertheless, chlorpromazine at a low concentration of 1 microM significantly inhibited all kinds of myotonic activity; it reduced the prolonged contraction duration and attenuated the stimulus-related repeated action potential firing. This depressant action of chlorpromazine was apparently not correlated with inhibition of either calmodulin or phospholipase A2 activity, since the myotonic depressant action of calmodulin inhibitors, such as dibucaine, flunarizine, chlorpromazine, trifluoperazine and diltiazem, was unrelated to their potency in inhibiting the activity of calmodulin or phospholipase A2. However, phosphatidylcholine was found to inhibit the myotonic depressant action of chlorpromazine. It is therefore, tentatively concluded that chlorpromazine interacted with membrane phospholipids, thereby changing membrane ion channel activity and depressing myotonic activity. These findings indicate that chlorpromazine might be useful in the management of clinical myotonia.
Mesh Terms:
4-Aminopyridine, Action Potentials, Animals, Chlorpromazine, Cobra Venoms, Ion Channels, Isotonic Solutions, Membrane Potentials, Mice, Mice, Inbred ICR, Microelectrodes, Muscles, Myotonia, Phospholipases A, Phospholipases A2, Tetrodotoxin, Veratridine
Eur. J. Pharmacol. Jan. 26, 1993; 231(1);23-30 [PUBMED:7680317]
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