Interaction between Ran and Mog1 is required for efficient nuclear protein import.

MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, United Kingdom.
Mog1 is a nuclear protein that interacts with Ran, the Ras family GTPase that confers directionality to nuclear import and export pathways. Deletion of MOG1 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Deltamog1) causes temperature-sensitive growth and defects in nuclear protein import. Mog1 has previously been shown to stimulate GTP release from Ran and we demonstrate here that addition of Mog1 to either Ran-GTP or Ran-GDP results in nucleotide release and formation of a stable complex between Mog1 and nucleotide-free Ran. Moreover, MOG1 shows synthetic lethality with PRP20, the Ran guanine nucleotide exchange factor (RanGEF) that also binds nucleotide-free Ran. To probe the functional role of the Mog1-Ran interaction, we engineered mutants of yeast Mog1 and Ran that specifically disrupt their interaction both in vitro and in vivo. These mutants indicate that the interaction interface involves conserved Mog1p residues Asp(62) and Glu(65), and residue Lys(136) in yeast Ran. Mutations at these residues decrease the ability of Mog1 to bind and release nucleotide from Ran. Furthermore, the E65K-Mog1 and K136E-Ran mutations in yeast cause temperature sensitivity and mislocalization of a nuclear import reporter protein, similar to the phenotype observed for the Deltamog1 strain. Our results indicate that a primary function of Mog1 requires binding to Ran and that the Mog1-Ran interaction is necessary for efficient nuclear protein import in vivo.
Mesh Terms:
Crystallography, X-Ray, DNA-Binding Proteins, Fungal Proteins, Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors, Guanosine Diphosphate, Guanosine Triphosphate, Models, Molecular, Mutagenesis, Site-Directed, Nuclear Proteins, Protein Transport, Recombinant Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, ran GTP-Binding Protein
J. Biol. Chem. Nov. 02, 2001; 276(44);41255-62 [PUBMED:11509570]
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