Pleiotropic defects caused by loss of the proteasome-interacting factors Rad23 and Rpn10 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Rad23 is a member of a novel class of proteins that contain unprocessed ubiquitin-like (UbL) domains. We showed recently that a small fraction of Rad23 can form an interaction with the 26S proteasome. Similarly, a small fraction of Rpn10 is a component of the proteasome. Rpn10 can bind multiubiquitin chains ...
in vitro, but genetic studies have not clarified its role in vivo. We report here that the loss of both Rad23 and Rpn10 results in pleiotropic defects that are not observed in either single mutant. rad23Delta rpn10Delta displays slow growth, cold sensitivity, and a pronounced G2/M phase delay, implicating overlapping roles for Rad23 and Rpn10. Although rad23Delta rpn10Delta displays similar sensitivity to DNA damage as a rad23Delta single mutant, deletion of RAD23 in rpn10Delta significantly increased sensitivity to canavanine, a phenotype associated with an rpn10Delta single mutant. A mutant Rad23 that is unable to bind the proteasome ((DeltaUbL)rad23) does not suppress the canavanine or cold-sensitive defects of rad23Delta rpn10Delta, demonstrating that Rad23/proteasome interaction is related to these effects. Finally, the accumulation of multiubiquitinated proteins and the stabilization of a specific proteolytic substrate in rad23Delta rpn10Delta suggest that proteasome function is altered.
Mesh Terms:
Canavanine, Carrier Proteins, Cell Cycle, Cold Temperature, DNA Repair, DNA-Binding Proteins, Fungal Proteins, Gene Deletion, Genes, Essential, Genes, Fungal, Genetic Complementation Test, Peptide Hydrolases, Phenotype, Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex, Protein Binding, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Repressor Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Time Factors, Ubiquitins, Ultraviolet Rays
Date: Sep. 01, 1999
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