Pharmacological characterization of benzodiazepine receptors in the brain.

Receptors in rat brain membranes which specifically bind 3H-diazepam were characterized pharmacologically using reference substances representing several pharmacological classes of drugs. Of 28 benzodiazepines tested, several "classical" ones (diazepam, clonazepam, lorazepam, oxazepam, nitrazepam, flurazepam, bromazepam and chlorazepate) with known clinical efficacy, as well as three newer "triazolo" benzodiazepines (estazolam, U 35,005, U 31,957), one new "imidazolo" benzodiazepine, U 31,219, and one new 2-carbamoylmethylene-benzodiazepine, displaced 3H-diazepam binding at low concentrations (Ki=1--60 nM). For these benzodiazepines there was a stastically significant correlation between Ki values for displacement and ED50 (or MED) values in several pharmacological tests predictive of anxiolytic activity in man. More than 100 nonbenzodiazepines, representing 22 distinct pharmacological classes as well as 14 presumed neurotransmitters in the CNS, including 4 peptides, were much weaker as 3H-diazepam displacers (K2 greater than 0.1 nM). These results suggest that in vitro 3H-diazepam binding represents the physiologically relevant binding to hitherto unknown receptors in the CNS.
Mesh Terms:
Animals, Benzodiazepines, Binding, Competitive, Brain, Diazepam, In Vitro Techniques, Male, Rats, Receptors, Drug
Eur. J. Pharmacol. Apr. 01, 1978; 48(3);263-70 [PUBMED:639854]
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