Opiate receptor subtypes in the rat hypothalamus and neurointermediate lobe.

The potent opiate radioligands [3H]etorphine, [3H]ethylketocyclazocine (EKC), and [3H]naloxone, bound specifically and saturably to a single class of membrane-binding sites in rat neurointermediate lobe (NIL), with Kd values of 3.7, 24, and 51 nM, respectively. In the hypothalamus (Ht), [3H]etorphine bound to specific and saturable sites with a Kd of 2.9 nM. Binding-inhibition studies with [3H]etorphine and unlabeled etorphine-HCl as well as [3H]EKC and unlabeled EKC, revealed high and low affinity binding sites in rat Ht and NIL as well as in the neural lobe of the bovine pituitary gland. [3H]naloxone also bound specifically to two classes of sites in Ht membranes, but to only a single class of low affinity sites in NIL membranes. Specific binding represented 80-90% of total [3H]etorphine binding, about 75% of total [3H]EKC binding, and 45-55% of total [3H]naloxone binding at 22 C in NIL and Ht, respectively. Relative binding potencies derived from Ki values for binding-inhibition studies of [3H]etorphine with opioid peptides and opiates were: NIL, etorphine-HCl greater than dynorphin A greater than naloxone-HCl greater than dynorphin-(1-9) greater than beta-endorphin much greater than alpha-neoendorphin approximately (Leu5)enkephalin approximately DAGO (Tyr-D-Ala-Gly-NMe-Phe-Gly-ol); Ht, etorphine HCl greater than naloxone-HCl greater than beta-endorphin greater than dynorphin A much greater than DAGO greater than morphiceptin much greater than (Leu5)enkephalin. Specific [3H]etorphine binding was also demonstrable after preincubation of NIL membranes with DAGO and (Leu5)enkephalin and after preincubation of Ht membranes with morphiceptin and (Leu5)enkephalin; such binding could be displaced by nonradioactive dynorphin A. In addition, [3H]etorphine binding to bovine neural lobe was displaceable by naloxone-HCl, with an ED50 of 43 nM. Specific ligands for sigma-opiate receptors, such as (+)SKF 10,047 (N-allylnorcyclazocine), phencyclidine (PCP), and (-)cyclazocine, displaced specifically bound [3H]etorphine and [3H]EKC from NIL membranes only at high (micromolar) concentrations. However, specific [3H]PCP sites were of higher affinity in NIL and Ht membranes, with similar Kd values of 102 and 190 nM respectively, and different concentrations (0.15 and 1.32 pmol/mg protein, respectively). These data have revealed several differences in the opiate-binding properties of rat Ht and NIL membranes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Mesh Terms:
Animals, Binding, Competitive, Cyclazocine, Ethylketocyclazocine, Etorphine, Female, Hypothalamus, Kinetics, Naloxone, Phencyclidine, Pituitary Gland, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Receptors, Opioid, Temperature
Endocrinology Jul. 01, 1987; 121(1);384-94 [PUBMED:3036471]
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