Identification of both positive and negative domains within the epidermal growth factor receptor COOH-terminal region for signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) activation.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI 02912, USA.
The cytoplasmic region of human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) contains an intrinsic tyrosine kinase (697-955) followed by a 231-residue-long COOH-terminal tail (C-tail), which contains multiple tyrosine residues. To examine the role of the EGFR C-tail in signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) activation, a series of EGFR C-tail truncations were constructed. Transient transfection of 293 cells with EGFR lacking the C-tail, i.e. Y974DeltaEGFR or Y992DeltaEGFR, led to EGF-independent or constitutive STAT activation, whereas EGF-dependent STAT activation was restored with truncations made COOH-terminal to the next tyrosine residue, i.e. EGFR-Y1045Delta. Transfection with the-truncated form EGFR-Y954Delta resulted in the loss of STAT activation, suggesting that the sequence between Tyr(974) and Tyr(954) is essential for STAT activation. Phosphopeptide competition analysis revealed multiple tyrosine residues within the C-tail that can act as the docking sites for both Stat1 and Stat3. A region that negatively regulated STAT activation was also identified, extending from Tyr(1114) to Glu(1172), consistent with the ability of this region to recruit a suppressor of cytokine signaling factors SOCS1 and SOCS3. When cotransfected with the full-length EGFR, but not Y992DeltaEGFR, SOCS1 or SOCS3 inhibited STAT activation by EGF in 293 cells. This suggests that both SOCS1 and SOCS3 can negatively regulate EGFR activation, presumably by inducing ubiquitination-dependent EGFR degradation upon ligand binding. These findings may therefore offer clues to how the EGF receptor C-tail regulates STAT activity.
Mesh Terms:
Binding Sites, Carrier Proteins, DNA-Binding Proteins, Humans, Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins, Proteins, Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor, Repressor Proteins, STAT1 Transcription Factor, STAT3 Transcription Factor, Signal Transduction, Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins, Trans-Activators, Transcription Factors
J. Biol. Chem. Aug. 23, 2002; 277(34);30716-23 [PUBMED:12070153]
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