Interaction maps of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ESCRT-III protein Snf7.

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae ESCRT-III protein Snf7 is part of an intricate interaction network at the endosomal membrane. Interaction maps of Snf7 were established by measuring the degree of binding of individual binding partners to putative binding motifs along the Snf7 sequence by glutathione S-transferase (GST) pulldown. For each interaction partner, ...
distinct binding profiles were obtained. The following observations were made. The ESCRT-III subunits Vps20 and Vps24 showed a complementary binding pattern, suggesting a model for the series of events in the ESCRT-III functional cycle. Vps4 bound to individual Snf7 motifs but not to full-length Snf7. This suggests that Vps4 does not bind to the closed conformation of Snf7. We also demonstrate for the first time that the ALIX/Bro1 homologue Rim20 binds to the α6 helix of Snf7. Analysis of a Snf7 α6 deletion mutant showed that the α6 helix is crucial for binding of Bro1 and Rim20 in vivo and is indispensable for the multivesicular body (MVB)-sorting and Rim-signaling functions of Snf7. The Snf7Δα6 protein still appeared to be incorporated into ESCRT-III complexes at the endosomal membrane, but disassembly of the complex seemed to be defective. In summary, our study argues against the view that the ESCRT cycle is governed by single one-to-one interactions between individual components and emphasizes the network character of the ESCRT interactions.
Mesh Terms:
Adenosine Triphosphatases, Amino Acid Motifs, Amino Acid Sequence, Binding Sites, Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport, Endosomes, Gene Deletion, Intracellular Membranes, Molecular Sequence Data, Multivesicular Bodies, Protein Binding, Protein Transport, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
Eukaryotic Cell
Date: Nov. 01, 2013
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