Extragenic suppressors of yeast glucose derepression mutants leading to constitutive synthesis of several glucose-repressible enzymes.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae regulatory genes CAT1 and CAT3 constitute a positive control circuit necessary for derepression of gluconeogenic and disaccharide-utilizing enzymes. Mutations within these genes are epistatic to hxk2 and hex2, which cause defects in glucose repression. cat1 and cat3 mutants are unable to grow in the presence of nonfermentable carbon ...
sources or maltose. Stable gene disruptions were constructed inside these genes, and the resulting growth deficiencies were used for selecting epistatic mutations. The revertants obtained were tested for glucose repression, and those showing altered regulatory properties were further investigated. Most revertants belonged to a single complementation group called cat4. This recessive mutation caused a defect in glucose repression of invertase, maltase, and iso-1-cytochrome c. Additionally, hexokinase activity was increased. Gluconeogenic enzymes are still normally repressible in cat4 mutants. The occurrence of recombination of cat1::HIS3 and cat3::LEU2 with some cat4 alleles allowed significant growth in the presence of ethanol, which could be attributed to a partial derepression of gluconeogenic enzymes. The cat4 complementation group was tested for allelism with hxk2, hex2, cat80, cid1, cyc8, and tup1 mutations, which were previously described as affecting glucose repression. Allelism tests and tetrad analysis clearly proved that the cat4 complementation group is a new class of mutant alleles affecting carbon source-dependent gene expression.
Mesh Terms:
Alleles, Deoxyglucose, Enzyme Repression, Epistasis, Genetic, Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal, Genes, Fungal, Genes, Suppressor, Genetic Complementation Test, Gluconeogenesis, Glucose, Hexokinase, Mutagenesis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
J. Bacteriol.
Date: Mar. 01, 1991
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