Role of the yeast phosphatidylinositol/phosphatidylcholine transfer protein (Sec14p) in phosphatidylcholine turnover and INO1 regulation.

Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213-2683, USA.
In yeast, mutations in the CDP-choline pathway for phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis permit the cell to grow even when the SEC14 gene is completely deleted (Cleves, A., McGee, T., Whitters, E., Champion, K., Aitken, J., Dowhan, W., Goebl, M., and Bankaitis, V. (1991) Cell 64, 789-800). We report that strains carrying mutations in the CDP-choline pathway, such as cki1, exhibit a choline excretion phenotype due to production of choline during normal turnover of phosphatidylcholine. Cells carrying cki1 in combination with sec14(ts), a temperature-sensitive allele in the gene encoding the phosphatidylinositol/phosphatidylcholine transporter, have a dramatically increased choline excretion phenotype when grown at the sec14(ts)-restrictive temperature. We show that the increased choline excretion in sec14(ts) cki1 cells is due to increased turnover of phosphatidylcholine via a mechanism consistent with phospholipase D-mediated turnover. We propose that the elevated rate of phosphatidylcholine turnover in sec14(ts) cki1 cells provides the metabolic condition that permits the secretory pathway to function when Sec14p is inactivated. As phosphatidylcholine turnover increases in sec14(ts) cki1 cells shifted to the restrictive temperature, the INO1 gene (encoding inositol-1-phosphate synthase) is also derepressed, leading to an inositol excretion phenotype (Opi-). Misregulation of the INO1 gene has been observed in many strains with altered phospholipid metabolism, and the relationship between phosphatidylcholine turnover and regulation of INO1 and other co-regulated genes of phospholipid biosynthesis is discussed.
Mesh Terms:
Carrier Proteins, Choline, Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic, Inositol, Membrane Proteins, Myo-Inositol-1-Phosphate Synthase, Phosphatidylcholines, Phospholipid Transfer Proteins, Phospholipids, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
J. Biol. Chem. Aug. 15, 1997; 272(33);20873-83 [PUBMED:9252414]
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