Cooperation of Musashi-2, Numb, MDM2, and P53 in drug resistance and malignant biology of pancreatic cancer.

Our earlier work showed that Musashi (MSI)-2 promoted the development of pancreatic cancer (PC) by down-regulating Numb, which prevented murine double-minute (MDM)-2-mediated p53 ubiquitin degradation. Thus, we investigate the relationship among MSI2, Numb, MDM2, and p53 in PC in vitro and invivo, an association that has not been reported to ...
our knowledge. MSI2 had no relationship with mutant p53 (mtp53) and wild-type p53 (wtp53) in normal PC cells. However, in response to gemcitabine or cisplatin treatment, MSI2 silencing simultaneously down-regulated MDM2 and up-regulated Numb and wtp53 protein levels. Moreover, these 4 endogenous proteins can be coimmunoprecipitated as a quaternary complex. Numb small interfering RNA (siRNA) reversed the MSI2 silencing-induced p53 increase. During treatment with chemical agents, MSI2 silencing decreased drug resistance and cell motility in vitro and inhibited tumor growth in vivo, all of which were significantly reversed by p53 siRNA. MSI2 was also negatively associated with Numb and positively associated with MDM2 expression in tissue. Overexpression of MSI2, MDM2, and mtp53 and weak expression of Numb were closely associated with aggressive clinicopathologic characteristics and poor prognosis for patients with PC. MSI2 negatively regulates wtp53 protein by up-regulating MDM2 and down-regulating Numb after treatment with chemical agents. MSI2 promotes drug resistance and malignant biology of PC in a p53-dependent manner.-Sheng, W., Dong, M., Chen, C., Wang, Z., Li, Y., Wang, K., Li, Y., Zhou, J. Cooperation of Musashi-2, Numb, MDM2, and P53 in drug resistance and malignant biology of pancreatic cancer.
FASEB J.
Date: Feb. 21, 2017
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