Nonradioactive receptor binding assay for ciliary neurotrophic factor.

Istituto di Ricerche di Biologia Molecolare P. Angeletti (IRBM), Pomezia, Rome, Italy.
A nonradioactive receptor binding assay for ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) is described. The assay is based on the interaction between biotinylated human CNTF, soluble gp130, and soluble myc-tagged CNTF receptor captured on a microtiter plate via an antibody against the myc epitope tag. Bound cytokine is revealed by alkaline phosphatase-conjugated avidin. Purified human and rat CNTF competed with biotinylated CNTF for receptor binding, with IC50 values of 29 and 2 nM, respectively. Since the higher affinity of rat vs human CNTF has been previously shown to be conferred by the arginine residue at position 63 of the rat protein, we also tested a human CNTF mutant carrying a Q63R substitution. Secreted forms of wild-type and mutant CNTF were expressed in Escherichia coli, and the amount of cytokines in periplasmic extracts was determined by quantitative Western blotting analysis. The human CNTF mutant (Q63R, N137S) was found to compete with biotinylated CNTF for binding to soluble CNTF receptor with an eightfold higher apparent affinity than wild-type human CNTF. The present method thus faithfully reproduces the relative activities of CNTF analogs determined in other assay systems. The possibility of assaying cytokines in crude bacterial extracts makes the new technique particularly suitable for rapidly determining the receptor binding potencies of genetically engineered CNTF variants.
Mesh Terms:
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Binding, Competitive, Biotin, Blotting, Western, Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor, Cloning, Molecular, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Escherichia coli, Humans, Kinetics, Molecular Sequence Data, Nerve Growth Factors, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Rats, Receptor, Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor, Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor, Recombinant Proteins
Anal. Biochem. Sep. 01, 1994; 221(2);387-91 [PUBMED:7810882]
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