Male fertility defect associated with disrupted BRCA1-PALB2 interaction in mice.

PALB2 links BRCA1 and BRCA2 in homologous recombinational repair of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs). Mono-allelic mutations in PALB2 increase the risk of breast, pancreatic, and other cancers, and biallelic mutations cause Fanconi anemia (FA). Like Brca1 and Brca2, systemic knock-out of Palb2 in mice results in embryonic lethality. In ...
this study, we generated a hypomorphic Palb2 allele expressing a mutant PALB2 protein unable to bind BRCA1. Consistent with an FA-like phenotype, cells from the mutant mice showed hypersensitivity and chromosomal breakage when treated with mitomycin C, a DNA interstrand crosslinker. Moreover, mutant males showed reduced fertility due to impaired meiosis and increased apoptosis in germ cells. Interestingly, mutant meiocytes showed a significant defect in sex chromosome synapsis, which likely contributed to the germ cell loss and fertility defect. Our results underscore the in vivo importance of the PALB2-BRCA1 complex formation in DSB repair and male meiosis.
Mesh Terms:
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, BRCA1 Protein, DNA Damage, DNA Repair, Homologous Recombination, Humans, In Situ Nick-End Labeling, Infertility, Male, Male, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Tumor Suppressor Proteins
J. Biol. Chem.
Date: Aug. 29, 2014
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