Kinesin-related Smy1 enhances the Rab-dependent association of myosin-V with secretory cargo.

The mechanisms by which molecular motors associate with specific cargo is a central problem in cell organization. The kinesin-like protein Smy1 of budding yeast was originally identified by the ability of elevated levels to suppress a conditional myosin-V mutation (myo2-66), but its function with Myo2 remained mysterious. Subsequently, Myo2 was ...
found to provide an essential role in delivery of secretory vesicles for polarized growth and in the transport of mitochondria for segregation. By isolating and characterizing myo2 smy1 conditional mutants, we uncover the molecular function of Smy1 as a factor that enhances the association of Myo2 with its receptor, the Rab Sec4, on secretory vesicles. The tail of Smy1-which binds Myo2-its central dimerization domain, and its kinesin-like head domain are all necessary for this function. Consistent with this model, overexpression of full-length Smy1 enhances the number of Sec4 receptors and Myo2 motors per transporting secretory vesicle. Rab proteins Sec4 and Ypt11, receptors for essential transport of secretory vesicles and mitochondria, respectively, bind the same region on Myo2, yet Smy1 functions selectively in the transport of secretory vesicles. Thus a kinesin-related protein can function intimately with a myosin-V and its receptor in the transport of a specific cargo.
Mesh Terms:
Biological Transport, Kinesin, Mutation, Myosin Heavy Chains, Myosin Type V, Protein Binding, Protein Transport, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Saccharomycetales, Secretory Vesicles, Two-Hybrid System Techniques, Vesicular Transport Proteins, rab GTP-Binding Proteins
Mol. Biol. Cell
Date: Dec. 01, 2015
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